Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aviation researcher and government official who filled in as the eleventh President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was brought up in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and contemplated material science and advanced plane design. He went through the following four decades as a researcher and science manager, for the most part at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and was personally associated with India’s regular citizen space program and military rocket advancement endeavors. He in this way came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the advancement of ballistic rocket and dispatch vehicle innovation. He additionally played an essential hierarchical, specialized, and political job in India’s Pokhran-II atomic tests in 1998, the first since the first atomic test by India in 1974.
Kalam was chosen as the eleventh President of India in 2002 with the help of both the decision Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-restriction Indian National Congress. Broadly alluded to as the “Individuals’ President”, he came back to his non military personnel life of instruction, composing and open help after a solitary term. He was a beneficiary of a few esteemed honors, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s most noteworthy regular citizen respect.
While conveying a talk at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam crumbled and kicked the bucket from an obvious heart failure on 27 July 2015, matured 83. Thousands, including national-level dignitaries, went to the memorial service function held in his old neighborhood of Rameswaram, where he was covered with full state praises.